According to a new study, shift workers may be at higher risk for type 2 diabetes. The people particularly at risk? Men.
Also at special risk are shift workers who don’t work on a set schedule, with shifts moving around at various times of the day.
The study, which was published in Occupational & Environmental Medicine and was led by Zuxun Lu of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in China, took several factors into account, such as workers’ shift schedules, their body mass index (BMI, a calculation of height and weight), family history of diabetes and their level of physical activity.
Although the reason why men are at greater risk than women isn’t clear, the researchers believe that testosterone levels may play a role. Prior studies have pointed to an association between low testosterone levels and insulin resistance and diabetes, the researchers noted.