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Sudan aka North Sudan is pronounced “sue·dan” and is one of the 6 countries located in North Africa. Sudan’s name derives from the Arabic bilad al-sudan, which means “land of the blacks.” This country gained its independence on January 1, 1956 from the United Kingdom and Egypt.  As of 2012, according to the American Community Survey, there are 48,763 people of Sudan decent living in the United States. Continue reading below to learn more about the beautiful African country, Sudan.

Sudan flag simple illustration for independence day or election

Source: Yevhen Borysov / Getty

What Does The Sudan Flag Represent?

  • RED: represents the struggle for independence and the sacrifices of the nation’s martyrs.
  • WHITE: represents light, peace and optimism.
  • BLACK: symbolic of the nation itself, since “Sudan” in Arabic means black.
  • GREEN: symbol of Islam, prosperity and agriculture.

Where is Sudan located?

Sudan is located in North Africa bordered by Libya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Central African Republic and Chad.

World Data Locator Map, Sudan

Source: Encyclopaedia Britannica / Getty

What Timezone is Sudan in?

Sudan is in Central Africa Time. The capital of Sudan, Khartoum is 6 hours ahead of the east coast, 5 hours ahead of central standard time and 3 hours ahead of the west coast.


Facts About Sudan:

  1. Capital: Khartoum
  2. Population: 45.66 million
  3. Nationality: Sudanese
  4. Sudan is made up of 18 states
  5. Political system: Unitary one-party socialist republic
  6. national symbol: a rhinoceros enclosed by two palm-trees and olive branches
  7. Drinking age: Alcohol is completely prohibited
  8. Side of road to drive on: Right (same as the USA)

See more facts in the video below:


What Are The Official Languages of Sudan?

Arabic and English are the official languages of Sudan. There is estimated to be 114 languages and over 500 accents in the country.

Learn Sudanese Arabic in the video series below:

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What is the Currency in Sudan?

The Sudanese Pound is the currency used in Sudan.

$1 = 601 SDG

$20 = 12,020 SDG

$60 = 36,060 SDG

Sudanese money a business background

Source: johan10 / Getty


Some of the popular artist from Sudan are;



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What Are The Religions of Sudan?

In Sudan the religions practiced are; Islam (90.7%) and Christianity (5.4%).


What Are The Traditional Foods of Sudan?


What the Holidays Celebrated in Sudan?

Independence Day: January 1, 1956

Tourist Attractions

Places to visit in Sudan:

  • Pyramids of Meroe
  • The Red Sea
  • Etnographic Museum
  • Bir Tawil


Is Sudan Safe?

Currently Sudan is at a “Level 4: Do not travel”

Travel Advisory Via US State Department: Do not travel to Sudan due to armed conflict, civil unrest, crime, terrorism, and kidnapping.

On April 22, 2023, the U.S. Embassy in Khartoum suspended its operations, and the Department of State ordered the departure of U.S. direct hire employees and eligible family members from Embassy Khartoum due to the continued threat of armed conflict in Sudan. The U.S. government cannot provide routine or emergency consular services to U.S. citizens in Sudan, due to the current security situation.

Armed conflict is ongoing throughout Sudan and includes heavy fighting between various political and security groups. The situation is violent, volatile, and extremely unpredictable, particularly in the capital city Khartoum. Electrical and communication disruptions, including internet and cell phone service, can occur at any time.  Khartoum International Airport and Sudan’s border with Chad are currently closed.

I hope this information has given you more insight into Sudan but there is so much more to learn! Visit their tourism website here to see more.

Also be sure to checkout articles on each of the 54 countries in Africa by clicking here: Countries of Africa